Caddo Culture and History. Caddo Indians of Texas. Using a bow and arrow, men and boys hunted buffalo, deer, birds, rabbits and other small game. They traded salt, which they obtained from saline springs near the Red and Ouachita rivers, with southeastern Indians. Adai Caddo Indian Nation is the name of a Native American people of northwestern Louisiana and northeastern Texas with a Southeastern culture. The Caddos were the most advanced Native American culture in Texas. Learn how your comment data is processed. Burial Customs: Wedding Customs. But the burial places like the houses of these two related families are separate. Caddo Indian Fact Sheet. The Kadohadacho lived in large villages along the Red river near the present day Oklahoma - Arkansas border. The Caddo tribe were farmers and mainly lived on crops that were harvested by the women of the tribe. One custom was known as counting coup. Some earthen mounds made by the Caddo still stand today, revealing mysterious religious rites, pre-Columbian funeral practices and highly structured social organization. For instance, it was customary for multiple families to work together when building a new house, clearing land, planting or harvesting fields. They mostly lived in east Texas and over time moved to different states. To ensure the safety and prosperity of their people, the Caddo conducted rituals to please and appease their gods, particularly their chief god, Caddi Ayo. Many archaeologists consider the fine ware to be the most accomplished pottery ever made in the prehistoric Southeast. They lived communally in well-built wooden plank houses and traded goods with seafaring British and American merchants. Dated: 2002-2005 . Colors are dazzling, and shirts are bedazzled with vibrant ribbons. The Caddo tales here presented were collected during the years 1903-1905, under the auspices of the Carnegie Institution of Washington, and form part of a systematic investigation of the religious system and ceremonial organization of the tribes of the Caddoan stock. These graves, some of which were made before 1900, are on land now belonging to Sam Houston 4 (Gen. The Caddo Indians were known to be a friendly tribe, interested in trading with almost anyone; their only enemy being the Osage Indians to the North. Few people can say their family came to America hundreds of years ago. The Caddo tales here presented were collected during the years 1903-1905, under the auspices of the Carnegie Institution of Washington, and form part of a systematic investigation of the religious system and ceremonial organization of the tribes of the Caddoan stock. However, Caddo descendants are working to revive this tradition, such as replicating the intricate engravings on coil clay pots characteristic of the early Caddo period. After the chief’s death, the Caddo lost all their land holdings to encroaching European settlers and were forced onto reservations. The grave diggers stand at the east end of the grave and one shoots to the west, 7 into the grave. Dr. Mary Dowd is a dean of students whose job includes student conduct, leading the behavioral consultation team, crisis response, retention and the working with the veterans resource center. Their name derives from a French derivation of the Caddoan word 'kadohadacho', meaning real chief in Caddo. The Caddo were spiritual people connected to nature. Official Tribal Name: Adai Caddo Indian Nation Address: 4460 Hwy 485, Robeline, LA. The Belcher mound site, in Red River Valley about 20 miles north of Shreveport, gives its name to this Caddo culture period. The Caddo people were the western-most of the Mississippian cultures. The names of the towns of Nacogdoches, Texas, and Natchitoches, Louisiana originate from the Caddoan language. On April 29, 2000 the Caddo Nation Tribal Council responded to tribal membership and enacted into law an ordinance establishing the Caddo Heritage Museum for the purpose of preserving and perpetuating Caddo history, culture and traditions by collecting, conserving, interpreting, and archiving, exhibiting and disseminating knowledge of the Caddo people from prehistoric time forward. The death of a leader was followed by days of ceremony and mourning as the deceased was laid to rest in a burial mound. 11 After you pass over that foot log you are safe, and you go on to naawantikuki’das (our father all home) or, as it is also called, kiwat’hae’me (home big) or kiwat’hae’me kuki’das, which is above, to the west. During the period of my inquiry Hanoshi’ (Gen. II, 25) died. 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